Does increased migration affect the rural–urban divide in suicide?


Our paper has been published in Population, Space and Place. It is a collaborative study between Stockholm University and the University of Tokyo.

In Sweden, where immigration has been increasing, dispersion policies have directed refugees to live in rural areas to prevent their concentration in urban areas, and in order to counter the effects of economic decline and population loss in rural areas. Rural contextual factors have been suggested to be related to suicide rates, with a stronger impact among foreign-born individuals. We therefore focused on the long-term trends in suicide mortality stratified by country of birth and rurality. We designed a series of repeated cohort analyses with 5-year follow-ups, using Swedish national register data between 1991 and 2015. Results from a three-level Poisson regression analysis showed clearly different trends in suicide mortality by country of birth, rurality and its unit of aggregation and gender.

Kanamori M., Kondo N., Juárez S. P., Cederström A., Stickley A., Rostila M. (2022). Does increased migration affect the rural–urban divide in suicide? A register-based repeated cohort study in Sweden from 1991 to 2015. Popul Space Place, 28: e2503.